Act 3, Scene 3

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[Enter Friar Laurence]

Friar Laurence

Romeo, come forth; come forth, thou fearful man.
Affliction is enamoured of thy parts,
And thou art wedded to calamity.
[Enter Romeo]

Romeo

Father, what news? What is the prince's doom?
What sorrow craves acquaintance at my hand
That I yet know not?

Friar Laurence

                                    Too familiar
Is my dear son with such sour company.
I bring thee tidings of the prince's doom.

Romeo

What less than doomsday is the prince's doom?

Friar Laurence

A gentler judgment vanished from his lips:                  
Not body's death, but body's banishment.

Romeo

Ha, banishment. Be merciful, say ‘death',
For exile hath more terror in his look,
Much more than death. Do not say 'banishment.'

Friar Laurence

Hence from Verona art thou banished.
Be patient, for the world is broad and wide.

Romeo

There is no world without Verona walls,
But purgatory, torture, hell itself.
Hence banished is banished from the world,
And world's exile is death. Then banished                     
Is death mistermed. Calling death banishment,
Thou cuttest my head off with a golden axe,
And smilest upon the stroke that murders me.

Friar Laurence

O deadly sin, O rude unthankfulness!
Thy fault our law calls death; but the kind prince,
Taking thy part, hath rushed aside the law,
And turned that black word ‘death’ to ‘banishment’.
This is dear mercy and thou seest it not.

Romeo

'Tis torture and not mercy. Heaven is here
Where Juliet lives; and every cat and dog                     
And little mouse, every unworthy thing,
Live here in heaven and may look on her,
But Romeo may not. More validity,
More honourable state, more courtship lives
In carrion-flies than Romeo. They may seize
On the white wonder of dear Juliet's hand
And steal immortal blessing from her lips,
Who even in pure and vestal modesty
Still blush, as thinking their own kisses sin.
But Romeo may not; he is banished.                             
Flies may do this, but I from this must fly.
They are free men, but I am banished.
And sayest thou yet that exile is not death?
Hadst thou no poison mixed, no sharp-ground knife,
No sudden mean of death, though ne'er so mean
But 'banished' to kill me?  'Banished'!
O friar, the damned use that word in hell;
Howling attends it. How hast thou the heart,
Being a divine, a ghostly confessor,
A sin-absolver, and my friend professed,                      
To mangle me with that word 'banished'?

Friar Laurence

Thou fond mad man, hear me but speak a word.

Romeo

O, thou wilt speak again of banishment.

Friar Laurence

I'll give thee armor to keep off that word,
Adversity's sweet milk, philosophy,
To comfort thee though thou art banished.

Romeo

Yet 'banished'. Hang up philosophy.
Unless philosophy can make a Juliet,
Displant a town, reverse a prince's doom,
It helps not, it prevails not. Talk no more.                     

Friar Laurence

O, then I see that madmen have no ears.

Romeo

How should they, when that wise men have no eyes?

Friar Laurence

Let me dispute with thee of thy estate.

Romeo

Thou canst not speak of that thou dost not feel.
Wert thou as young as I, Juliet thy love,
An hour but married, Tybalt murdered,
Doting like me, and like me banished,
Then mightst thou speak, then mightst thou tear thy hair,
And fall upon the ground as I do now,                           
Taking the measure of an unmade grave.
[Romeo falls to the ground; knocking within]

Friar Laurence

Arise, one knocks. Good Romeo, hide thyself.

Romeo

Not I, unless the breath of heartsick groans,
Mist-like, infold me from the search of eyes.
[Knocking]

Friar Laurence

Hark, how they knock! — Who's there? — Romeo, arise,
Thou wilt be taken. — Stay awhile!  — Stand up,
[Knocking]
Run to my study. — By and by! — God's will,
What simpleness is this! — I come, I come!
[Knocking]
Who knocks so hard? Whence come you? What's your will?

Nurse

Let me come in and you shall know my errand.
I come from Lady Juliet.

Friar Laurence

                                        Welcome, then.                      
[Enter Nurse]

Nurse

O holy friar, O, tell me, holy friar,
Where is my lady's lord, where's Romeo?

Friar Laurence

There on the ground with his own tears made drunk.

Nurse

O he is even in my mistress' case,
Just in her case! O woeful sympathy,
Piteous predicament! Even so lies she,
Blubbering and weeping, weeping and blubbering.
Stand up, stand up, stand and you be a man.
For Juliet's sake, for her sake, rise and stand.
Why should you fall into so deep an O?                        

Romeo

[Rising]
Nurse!

Nurse

              Ah sir! Ah sir! Well, death's the end of all.

Romeo

Spakest thou of Juliet? How is it with her?
Doth she not think me an old murderer,
Now I have stained the childhood of our joy
With blood removed but little from her own?
Where is she, and how doth she, and what says
My concealed lady to our cancelled love?

Nurse

O, she says nothing, sir, but weeps and weeps;
And now falls on her bed; and then starts up,
And Tybalt calls; and then on Romeo cries,                  
And then down falls again.

Romeo

                                             As if that name,
Shot from the deadly level of a gun,
Did murder her, as that name's cursed hand
Murdered her kinsman. O tell me, friar, tell me,
In what vile part of this anatomy
Doth my name lodge? Tell me, that I may sack
The hateful mansion.
[Drawing his sword]

Friar Laurence

                                  Hold thy desperate hand.
Art thou a man? Thy form cries out thou art.
Thy tears are womanish; thy wild acts denote
The unreasonable fury of a beast.                                  
Unseemly woman in a seeming man,
And ill-beseeming beast in seeming both.
Thou hast amazed me. By my holy order,
I thought thy disposition better tempered.
Hast thou slain Tybalt? Wilt thou slay thyself,
And slay thy lady that in thy life lives,
By doing damned hate upon thyself?
Why railest thou on thy birth, the heaven, and earth?
Since birth and heaven and earth, all three do meet
In thee at once, which thou at once wouldst lose.         
Fie, fie, thou shamest thy shape, thy love, thy wit,
Which, like a usurer, aboundest in all,
And usest none in that true use indeed
Which should bedeck thy shape, thy love, thy wit.
Thy noble shape is but a form of wax,
Digressing from the valor of a man;
Thy dear love sworn but hollow perjury,
Killing that love which thou hast vowed to cherish.
Thy wit, that ornament to shape and love,
Misshapen in the conduct of them both,                     
Like powder in a skilless soldier's flask,
Is set afire by thine own ignorance,
And thou dismembered with thine own defence.
What, rouse thee, man! Thy Juliet is alive,
For whose dear sake thou wast but lately dead:
There art thou happy. Tybalt would kill thee,
But thou slewest Tybalt: there art thou happy too.
The law that threatened death becomes thy friend
And turns it to exile: there art thou happy.
A pack of blessings lights up upon thy back,                 
Happiness courts thee in her best array;
But, like a misbehaved and sullen wench,
Thou pouts upon thy fortune and thy love.
Take heed, take heed, for such die miserable.
Go, get thee to thy love as was decreed,
Ascend her chamber, hence and comfort her.
But look thou stay not till the watch be set,
For then thou canst not pass to Mantua,
Where thou shalt live, till we can find a time
To blaze your marriage, reconcile your friends,            
Beg pardon of the prince, and call thee back
With twenty hundred thousand times more joy
Than thou wentest forth in lamentation.
Go before, Nurse, commend me to thy lady
And bid her hasten all the house to bed,
Which heavy sorrow makes them apt unto.
Romeo is coming.

Nurse

O Lord, I could have stayed here all the night
To hear good counsel. O, what learning is! 
My lord, I'll tell my lady you will come.                       

Romeo

Do so and bid my sweet prepare to chide.

Nurse

Here, sir, a ring she bid me give you, sir.
Hie you, make haste for it grows very late.
[Exit]

Romeo

How well my comfort is revived by this.

Friar Laurence

Go hence. Good night; and here stands all your state:
Either be gone before the watch be set,
Or by the break of day, disguised, from hence.
Sojourn in Mantua. I'll find out your man,
And he shall signify from time to time
Every good hap, to you, that chances here.                   
Give me thy hand, 'tis late. Farewell, good night.

Romeo

But that a joy past joy calls out on me,
It were a grief so brief to part with thee.
Farewell.
[Exeunt]